In its second annual review, the European Commission notes that the Privacy Shield scheme provides adequate protection for personal data but improvements are still in order.
- Since the first annual review, the Department of Commerce (DOC) referred more than 50 cases to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), to take enforcement action where necessary.
- New tools have been adopted to ensure compliance with Privacy Shield Principles including: spot checks, monitoring public reports about Privacy Shield participants, quarterly checks of companies flagged as potentially making false claims and issuing subpoenas to request information from participants.
- The US is to appoint a Privacy Shield Ombudsperson by not later than February 28, 2019 or the Commission will consider taking steps under GDPR.
- The Commission is monitoring the following areas to determine if sufficient progress has been made: (i) effectiveness of DOC enforcement mechanisms; (ii) progress of FTC sweeps; and (iii) appointment and effectiveness of complaints handling by the Ombudsperson.